Körting jet ejectors - product overview

Körting Ejectors can be utilised in numerous application fields. Each ejector is designed thereby individually for its application field and adjusted optimally to its respective utilisation. For the design, construction and manufacturing Körting resorts to its comprehensive and decades-long experiences gained in the application of ejectors in the most diverse of processes.

Choose your ejector according to the drive/motive medium or suction medium required:

Jet pump, ejector, motive media pump, injector - many names, same design and working principle

A jet pump works without a mechanical drive and therefore offers high reliability in continuous operation mode. Körting jet pumps and ejectors enjoy a reputation of being particularly straightforward and robust in their functioning as well as being low in maintenance and wear. They are designed in a multitude of materials and optimised for their application purposes. The pumping effect is generated by means of a liquid or gaseous motive medium acting as energy carrier. The application field determines the shape of the flow cross-section which is designed individually dependent on the motive medium.

How does an ejector work? Animated working princlpe

Sectional model of a steam jet vacuum pump

The lower sectional model shows the internal construction of a jet pump which generates a vacuum on the suction side by means of steam as a motive medium.

How does an ejector work - Sectional model of a steam jet vacuum pump
Sectional model of a steam jet vacuum pump
  1. steam chest
  2. motive nozzle
  3. head
  4. inlet diffuser
  5. outlet diffuser

A. motive flow with ptr (motive pressure)
B. suction flow at ps (suction pressure)
C. mixed flow at p (discharge pressure)

Design features and working principle of jet ejectors

The term jet ejector describes a device in which a pumping effect is achieved using a motive fluid. A jet ejector requires no mechanical drive and has no moving parts. This basic principle applies to every jet ejector in different models and ranges of application. The application determines the design of the flow section.

A steam jet ejector is illustrated below as example (steam serves as motive fluid to create vacuum). The function depends, above all, on the design of the motive nozzle (2) and of the diffuser (4 + 5). The motive fluid passes successively through these two components.

The flow section will change along this path. The pressure in the motive nozzle (2) decreases and the velocity rises. Conversely, the flow is decelerated in the diffuser (4 + 5) while its pressure increases to the discharge pressure at the outlet of the jet ejector.

The section between motive nozzle (2) and diffuser (4 + 5) has the lowest static pressure, approximately equivalent to the suction pressure ps. At this point the suction flow enters into the ejector head (3) through the suction connection B and is mixed with the motive fluid flowing with high velocity. Part of the kinetic energy is transferred to the suction flow. Motive flow and suction flow pass together - as a mixture - through the diffuser, loosing velocity and
gaining pressure. The increase from suction pressure ps to discharge pressure pd corresponds to the delivery head for the suction flow or to the pressure difference of the jet ejector. The ratio pd / ps is the compression ratio of a jet ejector.

ln a jet ejector the static pressure energy of the motive flow which cannot be directly transferred is thus converted into kinetic energy. This kinetic energy can be released to the suction flow by impulse transfer while both flows mingle. The diffuser converts the kinetic energy of the mixture consisting of motive flow and suction flow back into static pressure energy.

ln the steam jet vacuum ejector illustrated below, the critical pressure ratio is exceeded in the motive nozzle (2) (this can be recognized by the expansion of the nozzle cross-section downstream the minimum throat diameter.) The steam velocity exceeds the sonic velocity accordingly. Motive flow and suction flow are mixed at supersonic velocity and then decelerated to the sonic velocity upon reaching the diffuser throat. ln the diverging section of the diffuser, the pressure finally increases to the discharge pressure pd.

Types and designations of jet ejectors

Jet ejectors are used to create vacuum, to compress gases, to convey liquids, to transport granular solids, to mix liquids or gases.

The motive fluid may be:

  • steam at pressure above atmosphere
  • atmospheric steam*)
  • vacuum steam*)
  • compressed gas or air
  • atmospheric air
  • water or other available liquids

*) provided that the discharge pressure of the jet ejector or ejector stage in question is low enough.

The following table summarizes the terms of jet ejectors laid down according to DIN standards 24290. When defining certain types of jet ejectors, the standard terms for motive fluid and material delivered (gas, steam, liquid, solids) can be replaced by specific ones..

  motive medium contributing to designation gas jet ejector steam jet ejector liquid jet ejector
suction medium contributing to designation        
jet gas ejector jet ventilator gas jet ventilator steam jet ventilator liquid jet ventilator
  jet compressor gas jet compressor steam jet compressor
(thermocompressor)
liquid jet compressor
  jet vacuum ejector gas jet vacuum ejector steam jet vacuum ejector liquid jet vacuum ejector
jet liquid ejector

gas jet liquid ejector steam jet liquid ejector liquid jet liquid ejector
jet solids ejector

gas jet solids ejector steam jet solids ejector liquid jet solids ejector

 

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